Hyperthyroidism Treatments

Hyperthyroidism Treatments

by Avery Mann

Common treatments for people with hyperthyroidism.

If you suffer from hyperthyroidism, fortunately it can be treated. Once a  qualified physician has diagnosed you, you will need to partner with your doctor  and devise an effective hyperthyroidism treatment that works for you. The good  news is that once your thyroid hormone is normalized, you will feel like  yourself again.

Deciding upon a treatment. The overactive thyroid condition  is treated in several ways. The Mayo Clinic states that the appropriate approach for  hyperthyroid treatment will depend upon several issues — age, severity of  disorder and physical condition.

Hyperthyroidism treatment options. Once you have consulted  with your doctor and decided on a treatment, you can expect one of these plans  to be implemented:

  • Anti-thyroid medications — This type of medication lowers the thyroid  gland’s ability to produce excess thyroid hormone. Once a medication has been  selected, you can expect to feel better in six to 12 weeks. The treatment cannot  be discontinued at that time, but must persist for about a year or longer. The  expectation is that the over production of thyroid is eliminated permanently.  Sometimes the treatment needs to be repeated if there is a relapse. The  mediations used in anti-thyroid therapy are very powerful and can affect the  liver. Propylthiouracil is generally used after methimazole fails due to the  potential for liver damage and even death.
  • Radioactive iodine — The thyroid gland absorbs the dose of oral radioactive  iodine. This medication causes the thyroid to shrink and thus produce less  thyroid hormone. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism tend to lessen and normalize in  about three to six months. If the gland ends up producing too little thyroid in  the end, you may need to take a thyroid supplement.
  • Beta blockers — If you’ve ever heard of beta blockers before, it was  probably in reference to high blood pressure treatment. This type of medication  is used to slow the heart palpitations associated with hyperthyroidism. Beta  blockers are not a cure, but a management tool to be used while working on a  suppressing the excess thyroid treatment.
  • Thyroidectomy — If the other hyperthyroidism treatments are not effective  or tolerable­, surgery to remove or reduce the thyroid gland may need to be  performed. The surgery is used as a last line of treatment due to the risk of  damage to the parathyroid glands and vocal chords. Once the thyroid is removed  or reduced, you may have too little thyroid hormone and will need medication to  normalize your level of thyroid hormone.


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